Approaches which focus on harm reduction through contraception and preventing sexually transmitted disease "do not seem to be working", the charity said. Instead, these could be "inadvertently encouraging" teenagers to have sex, according to CARE for Scotland education officer Dr Alastair Noble.
But health professionals urge the Scottish Government to consider making the morning-after pill available in schools. School nurses could dispense condoms and emergency contraception, which would help reduce teenage pregnancy rates, the Scottish Sexual Health Lead Clinicians Group has suggested.
In a written submission to the inquiry, the clinicians group asked: "Why is emergency contraception not available in schools? Why are condoms and contraception not accessible? Vaccination against a sexually transmitted infection (HPV) is given in schools, why can't pregnancy and other STIs be prevented?
"The Scottish Government is prepared to make a stand on controversial subjects like gay marriage, why does it run scared of its critics on the subject of making emergency contraception available in schools?
"The Scottish Government should give consideration to the availability of certain interventions in schools, particularly in rural areas and areas with higher teenage pregnancies, including the availability of emergency hormonal contraception in schools."