He said: "We believe this technology will, in the long term, be able to provide cheaper and more sustainable heating, which could be an answer to fuel poverty issues prevalent in many areas of Glasgow, particularly those with a mining past and a legacy of poor-quality housing and high unemployment.
"After Hamburg and Stockholm, Glasgow could be the third city in the world to have under-street heating.
"In three years' time we will have a full and accurate record of what is going on beneath our feet and then we can go on from there."
The British Geological Survey has offered full access to its data for the project, including a 3D model of the city.
The work will be done by PhD student Emma Church, part-funded by ScottishPower.